Cardiovascular disease is caused by dysfunction of the heart or blood vessels. Smoking and unbalanced diets are often the cause of these illnesses.
Alvulopathies are diseases of the cardiac valves, in particular the mitral valve or the aortic valve.
How can cardiovascular disease be treated?
Medical treatment aims to remedy the symptoms of cardiovascular disease using drugs.
These drugs consist of various substances, each with different effects. For example, they help to strengthen the cardiac muscle, to slow down or regulate the heart rate, to dilate the arteries or to stimulate the heart.
Cardiovascular surgery involves the surgical treatment of diseases of the circulatory system, including the heart vessels and valves.